In his article published in 1950, the English mathematician Alan Turing laid out the testing criteria for a machine which was able to think.
The purpose of this test, which was then named as “the Turing Test” is based on whether the observer could distinguish between the answers given to questions by a human being or a machine.
Looking for an answer to the question of “Can a machine think?”, the Turing Test established an important perspective for us in history regarding the existence of Artificial Intelligence. But this test alone is not a sufficient criteria to demonstrate the existence of a machine which uses Artificial Intelligence to “think”.
If we try to express AI in a modern way, we can say that Artificial Intelligence is a computer science which aims to create intelligent systems that can mimic human behaviour and intelligence.
Mimicking cognitive abilities of a human being is possible through designing and implementation of algorithms which can give many behavioural skills to machines such as seeing, hearing, learning and solution-generating.
Artificial intelligence owes some of its popularity to Hollywood movies but it is getting more and more attractive everyday thanks to the advantages it brings to our lives.
This popularity, along with the new possibilities led to investments from many tech companies and scientists in this field.
Improvements experienced in current computers make it even easier for this technology to enter our lives.
An “Artificial Intelligence Assistant” is given as a free service via smartphones which is a device we use daily.
Artificial Intelligence also brings about many discussions in the fields of ethics and legal matters.
Advocates of artificial intelligence claim that artificial intelligence is for the greater good of humanity and it can do many duties a human being can’t, while the opposers focus on the risky and uncontrollable nature of artificial intelligence with respect to humanity. The truth accepted by both sides is that machines will be taking away many jobs from our hands in the near future.
The theoretical physics genius, Stephen Hawking, also warns us that an uncontrolled and fast-track development in artificial intelligence technologies may bring doom for humanity, which already has limited room of biological evolution.
Hawking also suggests that we need to find better ways to make artificial intelligence work for humanity, while bearing in mind the inherent risks of it.
What awaits us in the future?
It is true that since Deep Blue, which beat Garry Kasparov, the world chess champion, in 1997, we have come a long, long way.
I stand on the optimistic side regarding this matter.
I believe in a future where driverless vehicles are the norm, machines taking over jobs which threaten human health and security, time spent working turning into time for creativity and faster developing technological advances.
Progress and technological evolution cannot be stopped; what we need to do is set our personal concerns aside and focus on how to direct this technology.
This is how we can create a future for all rather than fighting with machines.